The almond is a deciduous tree, growing 4 to 10 meters in height and with a trunk up to 30 centimeters diameter. Almond trees are believed to have originally come from the region of ancient Persia (modern-day Iran) but have been growing in Israel and other Mediterranean countries for many centuries. Although cultivated around the world for their fruit, the trees grow best in Mediterranean climates with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters.
Almonds trees are probably the most beautiful species that we are planting as part of the Greening Israel Project. They are known for their myriad of beautiful pink and white blossoms that bloom in early spring (February and March) even before the tree grows its first leaves of the year. The flowers fade by late spring and are replaced by leaves. The fruit matures in the autumn, 7–8 months after flowering.